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Block Printing : Rangon ka झिलमिलाता तिलस्म

कला ka vo roop sabse great hota hai jise रचने वाले equipment बेहद simple hote hein. Jaise सरकंडे ke normal se pen aur स्याही se classic साहित्य racha gaya. Zara se brush aur rangon se logo ne इन्द्रधनुषी इतिहास rach diya. Isi tarah kaath ke pieces ko taraash ke block banaye gaye aur unse printing aur painting ki ek रंगभरी दुनिया khadi kar di gayi. Artists ne apni skills aur passion se art ka naya आसमान hi रच दिया.

 

ऐतिहासिक evidence batate hein ki China mein basic form mein जन्मी yeh block printing ki कला hmare desh me 3000 BC mein  maujood thi. Mohan-jo-daro  mein Indus Valley  civilization ke evidence mile hain, aur unse bhi yahi pata lagta hai. Lekin 12th century mein yeh कला ke ek roop me flourish honi shuru hui.

 

Starting mein Gujarat aur Rajasthan ke कारीगरों ne cotton ke कपड़े par block printing ko कला ke roop me accept kiya aur dekhte hi dekhte unke skills ki धूम देश –विदेश me ho gayi. Eastern India mein ye kala last century ke fourth decade mein spread hui. West Bengal ke artists ne kala ke is format ko apnaya to apni skills ki vajah se kamyaabi ki nayi unchaiyon ko pa liya. West Bengal ki sirampur city apni block printed sarees aur fabric ke liye across the world pehchaan rakhta hai.

 

History batati hai ki hmare desh me time ke sath iske designs change hote chale gye. Mughal period ki block printing me alag alag culture ke fusion ko dekha ja sakta hai. British rule mein isme contemporary Europe ki artistic inclination ki jhalak dekhne ko milti hai. Baad me Britain ke artists ne bhi Indian craftsmen se inspire hokar is कला mein apne हाथ आजमाए.

 

Gujarat ke Ahmedabad, Surat aur Kutch regions mein aur Rajasthan ke Jaipur, Barmer regions me exportable block printing ka kaam bade zordaar tareeke se ho raha hai.

 

Block printing karne mein bahot zyada hard work lagta hai. Isme sabse difficult kaam teak ki wood par artwork drawing hai. Ise bahot focus ke sath experts, jinhe master craftman kaha jata hai, karte hein. Iske baad wooden block ko कई–कई दिन तेल में dip karke rakha jata hai taaki wooden block thoda soft ho jaaye aur fabric par perfect print liya ja sake. Starting mein is kaam me सिर्फ  natural colour  hi use hote the lekin ab eco-friendly pigment colour aur dye ka use kiya jaata hai. Rajasthan and gujarat ke kuch artisan wax aur raisin ka use karke block printing ke samples banate hain kyuki isse unki shine lambe time tak rehti hai.

 

Block printing ke products ki Indian aur foreign markets mein acchi demand hai. इस domain me aayi advanced technologies ke chalte fabric par Multicolored pattern easily bana liye jaate hain, Bedsheets, cushion cover se lekar Panoramic sarees tak is art ka use karke banai jaati hein. Block printing se banai gayi ready sarees jab koi pehenta hai unki khoobsoorati par chaar chaand lag jaate hain.

 

In-fact fabric par block printing ki ye kala, continuously khoobsoorati ki nai heights rach rahi hai.

ajrakh block printing

 

December 30, 2019 by Aarti Mulchandani
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