Dhakai Jamdani was named after the city of Dhaka, one of the ancient centers of weaving in the Bengal region. During the Mughal Empire, the Persian term Jamdani was commonly used because it was the Mughal court language.
In Dhakai Jamdani, the motif is studded in the fabric by manually adding dense threads to the fine warps. This process is considered one of the most time-consuming and most advanced hand-woven techniques in the world. Jamdani weaving is like a tapestry, with a small shuttle of colored, gold ,and silver threads passing through the weft.
After the division of Bengal in 1947, many Hindu weavers from Bangladesh emigrated to India and were rehabilitated in West Bengal. This was the beginning of today's Dhakai Jamdani weaving in India. For every Bengali woman, the Dhakai Jamdani sari is a wardrobe staple. In recent decades, the art of Jamdani weaving has been revived with the support of Indian and Bangladeshi governments and NGOs.