Jute yarn can be woven on automatic looms, shuttleless looms, or hand looms. Jute is widely used because it is cheap, durable and sustainable.
"The most commonly operated jute spinning consists of two carding stages, three drawing stages and finally a spinning stage. In the first carding phase, long fibers are supplied through the breaker card, which breaks the continuous fiber network into individual fragments."
Jute has been used since ancient times in Africa and Asia to weave fibers from the stems and to make food from the leaves. Several historical documents from the time of the great Mughal emperor Akbar (1542–1605) (Ain-i-Akbari of Abul Fazal, 1590) state that poor rural people of India wore jute clothing. Simple hand looms and handwheels were also used by weavers to spin cotton yarn. The story also states that Indians, especially Bengals, have used white jute rope and twine since ancient times for household and other purposes.